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Lacrosse a.k.a. LAX: Is a game invented by American Indians; now played on a rectangular field by two teams of ten players who use long-handled sticks that have a webbed pouch to catch, carry and throw the ball toward the opponents' goal.     
The sport of lacrosse is a combination of basketball, soccer and hockey. The plays are similar to basketball, the skill/physical level is similar to hockey, and the endurance demanded on the body is similar to soccer. This sport is the fastest on two feet and is a true team sport. Anyone can play Lacrosse - the big or the small. The game requires and rewards coordination and agility, not brawn. Quickness and speed are two highly prized qualities in lacrosse. An exhilarating sport, lacrosse is fast-paced and full of action. Long sprints up and down the field with abrupt starts and stops, precision passes and dodges are routine. Lacrosse is played with a stick (the crosse) which must be mastered by the player in order to scoop, throw, and catch the ball.
There are 4 levels of youth lacrosse offered in Burlington.
Ø      U09 – Non contact games for 1 & 2 grade
Ø      U11 – Non contact games for 3 & 4 grade
Ø      U13 – Full contact games for 5 & 6 grade
Ø      U15 – Full contact games for 7 & 8 grade
Burlington is part of the Mass Bay Youth Lacrosse League (Northwest region). Web site: www.mbyll.org
MBYLL Philosophy:
There are no standings kept, no league championship or playoffs. We play all players as equally as possible with the goal of teaching the sport and providing a fun experience for all involved. We police ourselves in the effort to provide an outlet for kids that has not been swept up in the pressure filled, win-at-all-cost mania that is too present in today's youth sports.
II. MEN'S LACROSSE POSITIONS: 10 players on the field per team.
There are 4 positions. Every U11 player will play each position except for goalie, which is on a volunteer basis.
The attackman's responsibility is to score goals. The attackman generally restricts his play to the offensive end of the field. A good attackman demonstrates excellent stick work with both hands and has quick feet to maneuver around the goal. Each team should have three attackmen on the field during play.
The midfielder's (a.k.a middie) responsibility is to cover the entire field, playing both offense and defense. The midfielder is a key to the transition game, and is often called upon to clear the ball from defense to offense. A good midfielder demonstrates good stick work including throwing, catching and scooping. Speed and stamina are essential. Each team should have three midfielders on the field.
The defenseman's responsibility is to defend the goal. The defenseman generally restricts his play to the defensive end of the field. A good defenseman should be able to react quickly in game situations. Agility and aggressiveness are necessary, but great stick work is not essential to be effective. Each team should have three defensemen on the field.
The goalie's responsibility is to protect the goal and stop the opposing team from scoring. A good goalie also leads the defense by reading the situation and directing the defensemen to react. A good goalie should have excellent hand/eye coordination and a strong voice. Quickness, agility, confidence and the ability to concentrate are also essential. Each team has one goalie in the goal during play.
Gloves, stick (a.k.a. the crosse), helmet NOCSAE approved, shoulder pads, arm pads and a mouthpiece are mandatory. Cleats, rib pads and a protective cup are recommended. A protective cup is required for any player in goal. A goalie stick (which has a bigger head), throat protector and chest protector is also required to play goal but will be provided by the coach. Game shorts and jersey will be provided by BYLA; all other equipment is the responsibility of the player.
The length of the crosse must be 37” to 42” inches. As long as you don’t cut the shaft, the standard stick length is legal. If you drop a Lacrosse ball into the pocket, then looking at the pocket from the side, you should not be able to see the top of the ball. If you cannot see the top of the ball, the pocket is legal. The stick must also have an end cap. Most sticks come with end caps but they sometimes fall off. The caps should be taped to prevent it from falling off.
IV. HOW TO HOLD THE STICK: “Your Lacrosse stick should become part of your body!”
To become proficient in passing and shooting, the player must be able to propel the ball from the stick with the wrist "snap." Many beginning players pass and shoot with an arm motion, or "push" the ball, which causes the ball to leave the stick on a low trajectory resulting in a low pass or shot. (An excellent way to develop the wrist snap is to utilize the “Wall” which is detailed in section VIII.) Wearing Lacrosse gloves, hold the stick in one hand (which ever is most comfortable, usually the arm that is used for throwing a ball) at its balance point and then place the head of the stick in the "box" area which is up above the shoulder near the ear. Then with one hand, "snap" the wrist which will cause the ball to come out of the stick in a straight line and bounce off the wall straight back into the stick, hopefully. If you can’t find a wall, use a friend/parent, they may have to use a baseball glove if they don’t have a Lacrosse stick.
Next, hold the stick with your top hand approximately half way down the shaft of the stick, same as step 1 and your opposite hand should cover the end cap. Snap the top wrist while bringing the bottom hand towards your dominant armpit. This will help to keep your stick in a vertical position. Passing is like casting a fishing line. Change your foot stance as you change your hands, lead with your left foot if passing from the right, and so forth.
To become proficient, the player must be able to catch the ball. It could be from a pass, intercepting a pass or even a shot. When catching, it is important to keep the stick head up, placing the head of the stick in the "box" area, which is up above the shoulder. This gives the player passing the ball a good target and once the ball is caught, the stick is in a position to pass or shoot. A player should always have stick up, ready for a pass.
To become proficient, the player must be able to scoop the ball. Due to a missed catch, a good stick check, drop ball, etc a player will have many opportunities to pick up “ground balls” during a game. When scooping, it is important to always be moving, never pick up a ball standing still! When scooping, the angle of the stick to the ground is the most important. The best way to pick up the ball is to have two hands on the stick and the head of the stick and the shaft level with the ground. The player should be running to the ball at 80% speed, then bend down and scoop the ball, then run at 100% speed, keeping the stick close to the body to avoid another player dislodging the ball with a poke check. Never rake the ball into the pocket, always scoop thru the ball.
Men's lacrosse is a contact game (except in U11 – No Body Checking Permitted) played by ten players: a goalie, three defensemen, three midfielders and three attackmen. The object of the game is to shoot the ball into the opponent's goal. The team scoring the most goals wins.
Each team must keep at least four players, including the goalie, in its defensive half of the field and three in its offensive half. Three players (midfielders) may roam the entire field.
Generally Youth games are 40 minutes long, with four ten-minute quarters. Each team is given a two-minute break between the first and second quarters, and the third and fourth quarters. Halftime is usually ten minutes long.

Teams change sides between periods. Each team is permitted two timeouts each half. The team winning the coin toss chooses the end of the field it wants to defend first. The players take their positions on the field: four in the defensive area (one is the goalie), one at the center, two in the wing areas and three in their attack area (see section X for field diagram).

Men's lacrosse begins with a face-off. The ball is placed between the sticks of two squatting players at the center of the field (see picture at bottom of page 2). The official blows the whistle to begin play. Each face-off player tries to control the ball. The midfielders in the wing areas can run after the ball when the whistle sounds. The other players (attackman and defenseman) must wait until one player has gained possession of the ball, or the ball has crossed a goal area line, before they can release. Attackman stay in the attack area and the defenseman stay in the defensive area (see section X for field diagram).

Center face-off are also used at the start of each quarter and after a goal is scored, except in youth Lacrosse. When there is a five goal lead, the trailing team receives the ball at mid field. Face off resume when the margin returns to four goals. Field players must use their crosses to pass, catch and run with the ball. Only the goalkeeper may touch the ball with his hands. Players can kick the ball if needed but can not score by kicking the ball. A player may gain possession of the ball by dislodging it from an opponent's crosse with a stick check. A stick check is the controlled poking and slapping of the stick and gloved hands of the player in possession of the ball. An opponent's crosse may also be stick checked if it is within five yards of a loose ball or ball in the air.
If the ball or a player in possession of the ball goes out of bounds, the other team is awarded possession. If the ball goes out of bounds after an unsuccessful shot, the player nearest to the ball when and where it goes out of bounds is awarded possession. You will see players sprinting to end line after a shot. An attacking player cannot enter the crease around the goal, but may reach in with his stick to scoop a loose ball. Defenseman are allowed in the crease around their goal as long as they do not have the ball.
Slashing: Occurs when a player's stick viciously contacts an opponent in any area other than the stick or gloved hand on the stick. A slash can also be called if the referee feels the player’s poke or check was dangerous. Example: If a player swings the stick like a baseball bat. Slashing can be called even if there was no contact or the contact was on the stick. Just because the player hit the stick, doesn’t mean it was good defense. Also, any one-handed check can be considered a slash.
Tripping: Occurs when a player obstructs his opponent at or below the waist with the crosse, hands, arms, feet or legs.
Cross Checking: Occurs when a player uses the handle of his crosse between his hands to make contact with an opponent.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Occurs when any player or coach commits an act which is considered unsportsmanlike by an official, including taunting, arguing, or obscene language or gestures.
Unnecessary Roughness: Occurs when a player strikes an opponent with his stick or body using excessive or violent force.
Illegal Body Checking: In U11, any body checking is a foul.

Catching: The act of receiving a passed ball with the crosse.
Cradling: The coordinated motion of the arms and wrists that keeps the ball secure in the pocket and ready to be passed or shot when running.
Passing: The act of throwing the ball to a teammate with the crosse.
Scooping: The act of picking up a loose ball with the crosse.
Shooting: The act of throwing the ball with the crosse toward the goal in an attempt to score.
Checking: The act of attempting to dislodge the ball from an opponent's stick.
Poke Check: A stick check in which the player pokes the head of his stick at an opponent's stick through the top hand by pushing with the bottom hand.

Clearing: Running or passing the ball from the defensive half of the field to the attack goal area.
Crease: A circle around the goal with a radius of nine feet into which only defensive players may enter.
Crosse (Stick): The equipment used to throw, catch and carry the ball.
Face-Off: A technique used to put the ball in play at the start of each quarter, or after a goal is scored. The players squat down and the ball is placed between their crosses (see picture at bottom of page 2).
Fast-Break: A transition scoring opportunity in which the offense has at least a one-man advantage.
Ground Ball: A loose ball on the playing field.
Handle (Shaft): An aluminum, wooden or composite pole connected to the head of the crosse.
Head: The plastic (or wood on old sticks) part of the stick connected to the handle with a pocket.
Pick: An offensive maneuver in which a stationary player attempts to block the path of a defender guarding another offensive player.
Pocket: The strung part of the head of the stick that holds the ball.

The single most effective training technique that improved my game is one of the oldest and best. “WALL BALL” is the one aspect of training that can help any player develop (new or experienced) and be the sure handed ball control player, regardless of position, that every team needs.
Wall Ball will improve your stick handling, hand eye coordination, passing, catching, shooting, fakes, and trickery. The beauty of “wall ball” is that you do not have to rely on anyone else to get better. Just you and the wall. There are five phases of “wall ball” below that I feel can benefit everyone regardless of position. Find a wall in your area (it could be the side of a school, gym, handball court, etc) that is at least 15 yards long and ten feet high. Below is an outline but feel free to do any variation of these or make up your own.
Phase 1-Quick Stick/Rapid Fire: Line up around 3-5 yards from the wall. First, 50 right hand throw and catches. After completing 50 right hand throw and catches, do the same with your left. Did you notice I didn’t mention starting with your strong hand. With “wall ball” anything you do right, you follow-up left. This stage is great because it allows you to work on quick sticks, hand eye coordination, and timing. You will become better about getting rid of the ball in a timely fashion without even noticing it by practicing this stage.
Phase 2-12 Yard Passing: Line up 12 yards from the wall. Start with 30 right hand throws, which will come back to you on one bounce. When you retrieve the ball from the one bounce, cradle once, then follow-up with the next throw. When you have completed 30 right handed throws, follow-up with 30 left.
Phase 3-Throwing & Catching On The Run: First line up 5-7 yards from the wall on the far left side of the wall. I begin this stage with the stick in my right hand and while I am running alongside the wall (towards the other end), I throw and catch the ball on the run. After I run one length of the wall, I run back to the other end throwing lefty (doing the same thing I did with my right). Keep repeating these steps.
Phase 4-Shooting: Line-up around 12-15 yards from the wall. Get in proper shooting formation (hands loose, three quarter/overhand motion, snapping of the hips, and following through) mark a few places on the wall with tape to aim at. Shoot at about 80% velocity, having the ball come back to you with one bounce. Depending on where you aim, the ball may take bounces that aren’t the same, so you have to work a little bit. Start with 25 right, and follow up with about 25 left.
Phase 5-Trickery: This stage is fun. This is a great time to practice behind the backs (make sure you are not following through too much. Step in the direction you are aiming, and the behind the back motion is only about a foot, with the head of your stick ending up hitting the top part of your arm near your shoulder). Around the world, through the legs, and any other creative stuff can be incorporated at this time. I would leave around 5 minutes for this stage. I am a firm believer that this stage is important. This is not something I will encourage in games or practice but you will develop strong comfort level with your stick and great hand eye coordination.
The Lacrosse field is longer and wider than a football field; 110 yards by 60 yards. All Lacrosse fields are the same except Major League Lacrosse (like the Cannons) field has different lines, including a 2 point arch which is only in professional Lacrosse. Below is standard field specifications. Playing on a regulation size field is preferred; however the coaches and officials can agree to play on any size field available. The Lacrosse goal/net is 6 ft high by 6 ft wide.
US Lacrosse requires all players, coaches, officials, parents and spectators to sign and abide by a ""Code of Conduct"" that embodies basic common sense principles, demonstrates consideration of others, and projects a positive image to our young men and women.
Individuals and/or teams participating in US Lacrosse events that fail to abide by this code will be subject to ejection and disqualification from future US Lacrosse events. Thank you for your help in promoting these principles.
The Code of Conduct
Players, coaches, spectators and parents are to conduct themselves in a manner that ""Honors the Game"" and demonstrates respect to other players, coaches, officials and spectators. In becoming a member of the lacrosse community an individual assumes certain obligations and responsibilities to the game of lacrosse and its participants. The essential elements in this ""Code of Conduct"" are HONESTY and INTEGRITY. Those who conduct themselves in a manner that reflects these elements will bring credit to the sport of lacrosse, themselves, their team and their organization. It is only through such conduct that our sport can earn and maintain a positive image and make its full contribution to youth sports in the United States and around the world. US Lacrosse and its Youth Council support the following behaviors for those participating or involved in any way with US Lacrosse and youth lacrosse in general:
The essential elements of the ""Code of Conduct"" must be adhered to.
o       Sportsmanship and teaching the concepts of fair play are essential to the game, and must be taught and developed both at home and on the field during practices and games.
o       The emphasis on winning should never be placed above the value of good sportsmanship, the concepts of fair play, or the skills of the game.
o       Derogatory comments are unacceptable. Use positive reinforcement with players and adults alike. It should be remembered that criticism, once made, can never be retracted.
o       The safety and welfare of the players are of primary importance.
o       Coaches must always be aware of the tremendous influence they have on their players. They are to strive to be positive role models in dealing with young people, as well as with adults.
o       Officials are expected to conduct themselves as professionals and in a manner that demonstrates courtesy and fairness to all parties while exercising their authority on the field.
o       Adults involved with the game must never permit anyone to openly or maliciously criticize, badger, harass, or threaten an official.
o       Knowledge of the Rules of Lacrosse must be respected and adhered to by all who participate in the game of lacrosse, both in the letter and the spirit of the game. Attempts to manipulate rules in an effort to take unfair advantage of an opponent, or to teach deliberate unsportsmanlike conduct, is considered unacceptable conduct.
o       Eligibility requirements, such as age and previous level of participation, must be followed. They have been established to encourage and maximize participation, as well as promote safety.
There are many aspects to Lacrosse that will be developed over time. Unlike other sports like Baseball and Basketball, most kids/parents have a basic understanding of the rules, positions and how use the equipment (like shooting a basketball or hitting a baseball). For many players/parents, this is their first experience with Lacrosse. Usually after the first or second game most players have a good understanding of the basics and most parents are used to the shock of seeing their kids being hit with a stick!
The U11 games will have 1 coach from each team running on the field with the players, assisting with rules, field positioning and anything that comes up. This is where most of the game situations will be learned (positioning, rules, etc). The majority of practice time will be focused on the basics: conditioning, scooping, throwing and catching.
The most import mission of BYLA is to get the kids familiar with Lacrosse and to have fun! All volunteers are welcome and we can always use the help. Our organization is fully staffed by volunteers and we need as many as we can to make our kids experience a happy, fun filled and safe experience.